Kylen – så här fungerar den

  • Grundläggande utbildning

     

  • Hur fungerar ett kylskåp?

    Har du någonsin undrat hur ditt kylskåp fungerar? Titta på videon eller läs nedan för att lära dig grunderna i kylteknik, bekanta dig med kylskåpets huvudkomponenter och upptäcka vad som händer med köldmediet när den rör sig genom kylsystemet.

  • Hur ett kylskåp fungerar

    För att hålla maten fräsch måste en låg temperatur upprätthållas i den omedelbara omgivningen för att minska reproduktionshastigheten för skadliga bakterier. Ett kylskåp arbetar för att överföra värme från insidan till utsidan, vilket är varför det känns varmt om du lägger handen på baksidan av kylskåpet nära metallrör - du får veta hur det fungerar i en bit.

     

     

  • Vilka är de viktigaste komponenterna i ett kylpskåp?

    1. Kompressor

    The compressor is the "heart" of a refrigerator. It circulates the refrigerant throughout the system and adds pressure to the warm part of the circuit, and makes the refrigerant hot. It's similar to when you are pumping air into a bicycle tube - you can sense a heat increase in the pump while you compress the air.

    2. Kondensor

    The condenser sits on the back of a refrigerator, and is likely quite dusty. Inside, the refrigerant is cooled down and condenses, meaning it turns from a gas back into a liquid.

    3. Förångare

    The evaporator is located inside a refrigerator and is the part that makes the items in the refrigerator cold. As the refrigerant turns from a liquid into a gas through evaporation, it cools the area around it, producing the proper environment for storing
    food.

    4. Kapillärrör

    The capillary tube is a thin piece of tubing that serves as an expansion device. The liquid refrigerant is routed through the capillary tube and sprayed into the low-pressure environment of the evaporator.

    5. Termostat

    The thermostat controls the cooling process by monitoring the temperature and then switching the compressor on and off. When the sensor senses that it's cold enough inside a refrigerator, it turns off the compressor. If it senses too much heat, it switches the compressor on and begins the cooling process again.

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